how to bonsai

How to create a Bonsai tree at Home | Bonsai Trees for Beginners | Do It Yourself //GREEN PLANTS

A bonsai tree creating yourself in this video i will show the progression of this young plant first step start to clean out the tree removing dead things and remove unwanted leaves and branches after cleaning next pruning the tree before pruning your tree decide on what shape you intend to create once you have decided which branches should be removed observe your tree and decide which branches do not fit the desired design and will need to be removed prune slowly working your way up the tree start with freeing up the trunk of it if you are pruning big or large tree when pruning larger branches you need a concave cutter it’s a young plant so there is no large branches after pruning the larger branches focus on smaller branches until you are satisfied with the result pruning leaves leaves that have grown out of shape using a twin shear we prune long shoots slowly hold the branches and prune the leaves prune branches and leaves that do not fit the desired design after pruning your tree next shaping the tree start to wiring the tree selecting the proper thickness of wire In this tree I selected a 3mm thickness wire wrap the wire around the trunk branch wiring i selected a 2mm wire to wiring the branches first wrap the wire neatly in line with the previously applied 3mm wire the side branch, you can wire the smaller branch growing to the right with a 1mm wire when multiple wires are applied at the same part of the trunk or branch try to put them neatly in line and continue wiring the branch after wiring bending the wired branches after having wired the entire tree you can start bending and repositioning the branches use your hands to hold the outside of the branch with your fingers now bend the branch from the inside of the curve with your thumbs this way you reduce the risk of splitting branches by spreading the force around the outside of the branch when a branch is in position stop moving it as repeated bending will likely damage the branch bend straight sections of branches slightly to make these look more natural after wiring your tree potting in bonsai pot preparing to pot the tree first remove the old soil with a tool do not put in water to remove the soil use a tool to remove the soil carefully you can also use a chopstick to remove soil starting on the sides and bottom of the tree avoid damaging roots in the process after removing the soil next prune the roots cut away any roots that have grown too long do not prune more than 40% of all roots the tree is now ready to replace in the pot select a small size bonsai pot covering the drainage holes with mesh add a thin layer of heavy grain soil first next add another thin layer of bonsai soil place the tree in the pot and then add bonsai soil around the tree remove air pockets in the soil and fill all the air pockets around the root system use a small stick or chopstick to fill the air pockets after adding soil on the top layer add the small stones this will help to keep the soil moisture finally water the tree thoroughly place the tree in the shade and fertilize

Bonsai Defoliation | Ficus Bonsai Defoliation | Bonsai Trees for Beginners //GREEN PLANTS

Welcome to my channel in this video i’m going to show you the bonsai defoliation this is a ficus bonsai tree cut the leaves using twig shear we can also use leaf cutter defoliation is one of the techniques mainly used to reduce the size of leaves and also stimulate growth and increase the number of leaves over time defoliation stimulates production of delicate new branchlets allowing twice the growth in a single growing season before defoliation ,be sure the tree is healthy If the tree is unhealthy to begin with, defoliating can kill it using the tools and methods for defoliation leaves and buds may sometimes be pinched off with the fingers but it is best to have a good pair of sharp pruning scissors keep shears clean by wiping them with antiseptic after complete defoliation, place the bonsai in partial sun and pour less water after defoliation because there are no leaves to nourish do not attempt to defoliate during the dormant seasons of spring and winter in summer trees are actively growing leaves after two weeks new buds will begin to appear after three weeks after five to six weeks in this time we can give enough water and nutrients to the bonsai tree thanks for watching

Bonsai Repotting – Bonsai Trees for Beginners Series #04

Hello my name is Mark D’Cruz of Ma-Ke Bonsai and with me is Jonny Gires. Today we’re going to demonstrate how to repot a bonsai (Ligistrum sinense) We have chosen a Turquoise blue pot to replace the last pot. I’m going to talk a bit about the tools we are going to use. To start off with we have a spatula to help firm down the bonsai soil we then have a jin plier and wire cutter the wire cutter is to help with remove wires that bind the tree into the pot and to replace it with new wire ties finally tie the bonsai into the pot… the sickle is very important tool because more often than not you have to the bonsai out of the pot then we have two little brushes or rather three little brushes that help us with the tidiness and cleanliness of the pot. the the plastic brushes used to clean the bark, the metal brush is use to clean the pot the coco brush is used to tidy up the surface of the pot once we have repotting it and here we have two set of scissors to help us with cutting the roots We have a root cutter this one to cut the finer roots they are very, very sharp and very strong umm..

Here we have a root cutter to cut off heavier roots within the bonsai and one of the most important tools as far as we are concerned is… what we call a bidder, its just a piece of metal some thing like a metal chopstick the chopstick that helps us with the clearing the top of the root surface the pot has a curved surface surface so it the site has got in between the the soil has got under the lip of the pot so we cannot just pull it out off the pot so we are going to going to do is cut off the bonsai from the pot this requires a bit of strenght and we are using a sickle to help us with the cutting of the soil if the root-ball is not coming out use a chop stick to help prise it out you can see the roots are massed up and it definitely needs to be repotted. as you can see there’s a substantial amount of roots, some we have already removed from the root-ball but we still have a bit more to remove cut away the roots that were removed by the sickle so first of all Johnny is going to start by clearing of the soil Johnny is going to clean the moss that is on the bark the soft nylon brush ensures the bark is not damaged but it removes all the moss that may have collected Johnny is going to remove half to 1 cm of soils from the bottom so any excessively long root are removed and cut away so we have a clean root ball at the bottom Next thing Johnny is going to do is cut out the excess root ball to fit the new pot Use the dibber to mark all round the root-ball, making sure it is centered in the pot and make sure the bonsai is centered in the pot and now its fits absolutely comfortably in the pot with enough room to accommodate the new soil For the repotting we use a special bonsai mix which in this case is a mixture of Akadama and Pumice the grain size is between 3mm and 6mm and as you can see it is a very granular mixture Place a thin layer of mix at the bottom of the pot place the bonsai on it and jiggle around till you get it in the centre of the pot the trunk has to be absolutely vertical in all directions vertical from the front and vertical from the side fill more soil in to the pot and use a rubber mallet to settle the soil into the pot this is a rubber mallet that has been softened by boiling in water we need to ensure that the tree is firmly in the pot we test by moving the trunk, if the pot and trunk move together we know the tree is firmly in the pot.

the next step is to use the spatula to firm the soil in moving all around the the pot The final step is to bind the tree into the pot with the wire is bound from one end to the other end and tightened with the jin pliers twisting it clockwise while binding the wires ensure that that they are not tied in the middle of the pot but on the far extremes of the pot as we we’ve done these two, you then cut of any excess what making sure that there is not much of a tail left Johnny then water the pot by giving it a dunking in a tub of water pot rim stays just above the surface of the water and the water rises into the pot from below and you should soon see it at the top of the pot lift the pot up and let excess water drain out Last step in in repotting is to cover the surface with with a thin layer of dried sphagnum moss the sphagnum moss protects surface root of the bonsai by not letting the pot do it too fast the last bit to do, is to ensure that the pot is cleaned up and polished Here we have Camellia Oil and an emery rubber that helps with cleaning up and finishing off the pot and that’s how we Repot A Bonsai Tree

Bonsai with Real Birds Nest | Bonsai Repotting & Styling | Bonsai Trees for Beginners //GREEN PLANTS

Welcome to my channel now i’m going to show you bonsai re-potting it is a two years old ficus this bonsai needs re potting because roots have filled the container it has overgrown roots and hold the soil together in a pretty tight it is time to re pot loosen up the soil remove the tree carefully from its pot see the roots are almost overgrowing and filled the pot removing the old soil carefully use chopstick or small stick to remove the soil avoid damaging the roots completely remove old soil remove all long and large roots do not prune more than 40% of all roots i decided to replant the tree in another bonsai pot because i think the old pot haven’t enough space now i’m just putting a thin layer of small stones in the bottom of the pot for drainage purposes before you put the stones cover the drainage holes with mesh place the tree in position After placing the tree in the pot fill the new fresh bonsai soil this fresh soil should be worked in around and under the root and also avoid leaving any air pockets make sure to fill all the air pockets around the roots use chopstick or any small stick and fill the air pockets after filling the soil place the moss on top of the soil this will keep the soil moisture now i’m collecting bird nest from wild this is very beautiful bird nest it’s a empty nest i’m going to use this bird nest to decor my bonsai i’m just placing the bird nest among the branches of tree after reptting water the tree thoroughly use spray water the best time to re pot a ficus in mid-summer when grown outdoors other times of year if the tree is being grown indoors

How to Start A Bonsai | Starting Three ixora Bonsai | Bonsai Trees For Beginners //GREEN PLANTS💚

Today i’m going to show you how to start a bonsai tree first you have to select a suitable tree for your climate in this video i’m selecting three ixora plants ixora is a tropical to semi-tropical evergreen plant this plant is often grown in warm and cooler climates this plant is suitable choice for bonsai next select the size of your bonsai If you’re choosing to grow your bonsai tree from a seedling or a cutting from another tree they can start off even smaller Larger plants require more water, soil, and sunlight so make sure that you have all the necessary requirements before making your bonsai next starting a bonsai first remove the current pot or container making sure not to break or hurt its main root system carefully remove the old soil with a stick or root rake tool do not damage roots or its main root system you can use chopsticks, tweezers, and similar tools are helpful for this process.

Do not remove the all soil that are attached to the roots it’s a root ball just clean the bottom part soil next pruning the roots If their growth is not adequately controlled bonsai trees can easily outgrow their containers so we must prune the roots cut any large and thick roots cut any upward-facing roots and do not prune more than 40% of all roots after pruning roots preparing to repot next select the pot deciding which pot to use is to make sure the pot is large enough to allow enough soil to cover the roots of the plant to prevent root rot, you’ll also want to ensure your pot has one or more drainage holes on the bottom before re pot the tree in the pot ensure it has a base of fresh, new soil to sit on that gives it the desired height at the bottom of the pot, add a layer of coarse-grain soil or stones as a base then add a finer, looser growing medium or soil above this use a soil that drains well regular garden soil can hold too much water and may drown the roots then place the tree in your new pot in the desired orientation finish adding well-draining soil removing air pockets remove the all air pockets using a thin stick or chopstick after removing air pockets add the soil on the top again add a final layer of moss or sandstone or small stones this can help hold the tree in place keep the tree in shade area for few days after you can place your bonsai in full sunny area finally you can grow your bonsai in outdoor or indoor watering your bonsai use spray water do not pour much water continuously be patient and spray water completely to your bonsai if your climate is hot or warm your bonsai needs every day water if you are growing your bonsai in indoor or your climate is cooler water every two days

Bonsai Slab Planting | Bonsai Trees for Beginners //GREEN PLANTS

Welcome to my channel in this video i’m showing you bonsai slap planting first select a tree it’s a benjamina tree now i’m going to make this tree as a bonsai tree removing all leaves now wiring to the bonsai select a aluminum wire or copper wire aluminum wire is very useful for bonsai making beginners so if you are new to making a bonsai just select a thin aluminum wire wiring is used to give a shape and style to the bonsai and wiring is a method of bending trunks and branches when the plant is still young the trunk is bent into the basic shape of a tree Later as the plant grows, you can bend the branches when you are wiring the plant do not over tight the trunk and branches after wiring and shaping branches then choose a bonsai slap make a potting wall using clay after potting the plant put the layer of stones now removing old soil don’t hurt the roots when you are removing the soil cut the long roots place the tee in the slap and put the bonsai soil removing air pockets to remove the air pockets use a small stick after planting place the moss in top of the clay wall moss will help to keep the soil moisture and give the beautiful look to the bonsai after all keep the tree in partial shade and sunny area and daily water needs to this bonsai use sprayer to water

How to make bonsai Olive or European Olive Bonsai Tree with Ginta bonsai trees #95

Quite good. Yeah, and near the leaves, underneath the branches. Ok. So if there’s a branch, obviously the leaves need to come out. It’s not a stem, it’s a branch. So the stems have leaves and the branches don’t. Branches have other branches on them, no stems. I think they’re too many as well. Shall we take off this one? Actually there are already too many which means something has to go. I think that one has to go, this one. Right, first let’s remove the leaf so we can see the tree, as there’s too many leaves around. So now we can see some branches emerging. I think this one has to go. No, because that is coming out outwards nicely, can you see? So that forms a nice, this guy, first of all is too ugly. Why is too ugly? Because it is straight absolutely, there is no ramification in it.

The little ones are always what we want because bonsai is all about small branches so we try and keep them. There are three coming out of here so… So take the biggest one out and leave the two smaller ones. How is it looking? It’s looking good. Ok, empty out your tray now. .

How to Grow Orange Bonsai | Calamondin Chinese Orange | Bonsai Trees for Beginners //GREEN PLANTS

Growing orange bonsai from air layering these are already prepared orange tree air layerings Cut the air layers, from the bottom of the polyethylene remove the polyethylene be careful do not cut the roots now place the root ball in the pot and fill it with potting soil press it gently and water it after 60 days now ready to re pot this orange plant get the tree out of the pot remove the soil this is the hand made clay pot in this pot now i’m going to repot the orange plant put the stones first layer these stones will provide better drainage to the plant add the bonsai soil fill the soil in half of the pot place the tree in soil place the moss on top of the soil add the stones and cover the soil this helps to keep the soil moisture and also when you are watering to the bonsai tree the stones protect the soil and roots from damages watering to the orange bonsai tree pour the water for every two days after finished re potting

How to make bonsai Juniper Bonsai from Nursery Stock – Bonsai Trees for Beginners Series #161

 Welcome to Ma-ke Bonsai. This is Mark D’ Cruz. Today, we’re going to plant juniper that Bogdan has got from a garden centre. He paid 22 pounds for this and he’s planted it in this large garden pot for a couple of years and it’s gained a nice set of roots at the bottom. It’s now ready to be bonsaied, I guess. That’s the phase that we’re looking for. We start by working on the top to find where the nebari is. We turn the tree around to find the right angle. And the nebari will help us determine the right size. On turning the tree around, it was found that these two branches were a little bit on the low side and were not required. We decided to cut them off. And it seems that they got a nice set of roots so we will save them. We wrapped them in some sphagnum moss, tied them into a little bundle ready for repotting at a later stage. Back to pruning the roots away from the top of the sawing. We expose the nebari and work away all the fine roots that are there.

The nebari is the broadest part of the trunk and that’s what we’re looking for. We have a nice big branch that flows to one side so this is going to be a semi cascade kind of tree. We have a couple of low branches which we will remove and make into jins at a later stage. We trim away some of the branches so that we can actually see all the major branches that we will need.

We wire the bigger branches so that we can move them into position at this stage. So, now we’re ready to do some of the finer branches. And we just carry on with this till we got everything. After the wiring, we set the tree in the pot giving it the right angle that we require. We cover it with the bonsai mix which is Akadama and pumice that we use for most of our trees.

This particular size is 3 mm to 6 mm. It helps hold a lot of water so the Juniper likes a lot of water. We use it for the Juniper. Adriana ties the tree inside and then we tighten it with a jin plier. We pull and remove any gaps that that appear. There are a lot of videos that will show you the details on how to repot a bonsai. As with applying moss or with how to wire the bonsai into the pot as well. Adriana’s giving it a quick clean now. That’s always part of the process that we go through. And then we apply green moss on to the tree. I’m now going to be jining the branches that are cut away. I remove all the cambium from the bark from the branch. I split the branch into four and then use the jin plier to strip away bits of it so that it appears that we have a natural break in the trunk.

No cut branches should appear. And there we are. This is the Juniper, nicely potted up. It’s been shaped into a semi cascade style. In a couple of years, we will give it another bit of styling and make it a little bit more in keeping with what we want. Thank you for watching. If you enjoyed the video, please give us a thumbs up. And if not, well there’s the other icon. And do subscribe. We add videos regularly. Thank you. .

How to make a Bonsai tree (from a starter kit)

A fun way to start grow Bonsai trees, is to buy a starter kit and grow and train a Bonsai tree yourself. In this movie we will show the progression of this young plant, after pruning, wiring and repotting, this was the result… A starter kit usually contains a young plant, a Bonsai pot, some wire and soil. Alright, so lets get started on this tree. First of all, we start to clean out the tree. Carefully study your tree, and decide on what shape you intend to create in it. While it is easy to prune branches, it can be very hard to make them grow back. Once you have decided which branches should be removed, prune these, slowly working your way up the tree. Start with freeing up the trunk a bit. When pruning larger branches, you need a concave cutter. This cutter leaves behind a hollow wound, that heals much better. After pruning the larger branches, focus on smaller branches, until you are satisfied with the result. Next, we wire the branches, starting with the larger ones. Carefully apply wire around the branches at an angle of about 45 degrees.

Try to wire two branches of the same thickness with one wire. As a rule of thumb, apply wire about 1/3 the thickness of the branch. When you’re done wiring the larger branches, work your way towards the smaller ones. Finish wiring the entire tree, before you start positioning and bending the branches. Now that we have pruned and wired the tree, it is time to repot it. To get started, we prepare the Bonsai pot. Place two wires that can be used later on to attach the tree firmly to the pot. We also cover the watering holes by attaching a plastic mesh. When the pot is ready, we prepare the soil mix. Usually a starter kit comes with premixed bonsai soil, but if not, check our website for more information. Now remove the plant from its plastic container and get rid of any loose soil.

We also want to reveal the trunk a bit. Carefully unravel the roots using a root-hook. To make the tree fit in the pot, you will need to prune away roots. You can prune up to about 1/3 of the total root mass. Now, put some soil in the pot. The tree is now ready to be placed in the pot, but first, decide on what the front of the tree should be.

Place the tree just off the center and attach it carefully with the wires that were attached in the pot earlier. Cover the roots with soil and by using chopsticks we make sure that the entire rootmass is filled with soil. When we’re done, we water the tree. Now we have a Bonsai tree; pruned, wired and repotted. So what’s next? Remove the wire after a few months, otherwise the branches would get damaged. Check our website,, for more information! .