A bonsai tree creating yourself in this video i will show the progression of this young plant first step start to clean out the tree removing dead things and remove unwanted leaves and branches after cleaning next pruning the tree before pruning your tree decide on what shape you intend to create once you have decided which branches should be removed observe your tree and decide which branches do not fit the desired design and will need to be removed prune slowly working your way up the tree start with freeing up the trunk of it if you are pruning big or large tree when pruning larger branches you need a concave cutter it’s a young plant so there is no large branches after pruning the larger branches focus on smaller branches until you are satisfied with the result pruning leaves leaves that have grown out of shape using a twin shear we prune long shoots slowly hold the branches and prune the leaves prune branches and leaves that do not fit the desired design after pruning your tree next shaping the tree start to wiring the tree selecting the proper thickness of wire In this tree I selected a 3mm thickness wire wrap the wire around the trunk branch wiring i selected a 2mm wire to wiring the branches first wrap the wire neatly in line with the previously applied 3mm wire the side branch, you can wire the smaller branch growing to the right with a 1mm wire when multiple wires are applied at the same part of the trunk or branch try to put them neatly in line and continue wiring the branch after wiring bending the wired branches after having wired the entire tree you can start bending and repositioning the branches use your hands to hold the outside of the branch with your fingers now bend the branch from the inside of the curve with your thumbs this way you reduce the risk of splitting branches by spreading the force around the outside of the branch when a branch is in position stop moving it as repeated bending will likely damage the branch bend straight sections of branches slightly to make these look more natural after wiring your tree potting in bonsai pot preparing to pot the tree first remove the old soil with a tool do not put in water to remove the soil use a tool to remove the soil carefully you can also use a chopstick to remove soil starting on the sides and bottom of the tree avoid damaging roots in the process after removing the soil next prune the roots cut away any roots that have grown too long do not prune more than 40% of all roots the tree is now ready to replace in the pot select a small size bonsai pot covering the drainage holes with mesh add a thin layer of heavy grain soil first next add another thin layer of bonsai soil place the tree in the pot and then add bonsai soil around the tree remove air pockets in the soil and fill all the air pockets around the root system use a small stick or chopstick to fill the air pockets after adding soil on the top layer add the small stones this will help to keep the soil moisture finally water the tree thoroughly place the tree in the shade and fertilize
Welcome to my channel in this video i’m going to show you the bonsai defoliation this is a ficus bonsai tree cut the leaves using twig shear we can also use leaf cutter defoliation is one of the techniques mainly used to reduce the size of leaves and also stimulate growth and increase the number of leaves over time defoliation stimulates production of delicate new branchlets allowing twice the growth in a single growing season before defoliation ,be sure the tree is healthy If the tree is unhealthy to begin with, defoliating can kill it using the tools and methods for defoliation leaves and buds may sometimes be pinched off with the fingers but it is best to have a good pair of sharp pruning scissors keep shears clean by wiping them with antiseptic after complete defoliation, place the bonsai in partial sun and pour less water after defoliation because there are no leaves to nourish do not attempt to defoliate during the dormant seasons of spring and winter in summer trees are actively growing leaves after two weeks new buds will begin to appear after three weeks after five to six weeks in this time we can give enough water and nutrients to the bonsai tree thanks for watching
Hello my name is Mark D’Cruz of Ma-Ke Bonsai and with me is Jonny Gires. Today we’re going to demonstrate how to repot a bonsai (Ligistrum sinense) We have chosen a Turquoise blue pot to replace the last pot. I’m going to talk a bit about the tools we are going to use. To start off with we have a spatula to help firm down the bonsai soil we then have a jin plier and wire cutter the wire cutter is to help with remove wires that bind the tree into the pot and to replace it with new wire ties finally tie the bonsai into the pot… the sickle is very important tool because more often than not you have to the bonsai out of the pot then we have two little brushes or rather three little brushes that help us with the tidiness and cleanliness of the pot. the the plastic brushes used to clean the bark, the metal brush is use to clean the pot the coco brush is used to tidy up the surface of the pot once we have repotting it and here we have two set of scissors to help us with cutting the roots We have a root cutter this one to cut the finer roots they are very, very sharp and very strong umm..
Here we have a root cutter to cut off heavier roots within the bonsai and one of the most important tools as far as we are concerned is… what we call a bidder, its just a piece of metal some thing like a metal chopstick the chopstick that helps us with the clearing the top of the root surface the pot has a curved surface surface so it the site has got in between the the soil has got under the lip of the pot so we cannot just pull it out off the pot so we are going to going to do is cut off the bonsai from the pot this requires a bit of strenght and we are using a sickle to help us with the cutting of the soil if the root-ball is not coming out use a chop stick to help prise it out you can see the roots are massed up and it definitely needs to be repotted. as you can see there’s a substantial amount of roots, some we have already removed from the root-ball but we still have a bit more to remove cut away the roots that were removed by the sickle so first of all Johnny is going to start by clearing of the soil Johnny is going to clean the moss that is on the bark the soft nylon brush ensures the bark is not damaged but it removes all the moss that may have collected Johnny is going to remove half to 1 cm of soils from the bottom so any excessively long root are removed and cut away so we have a clean root ball at the bottom Next thing Johnny is going to do is cut out the excess root ball to fit the new pot Use the dibber to mark all round the root-ball, making sure it is centered in the pot and make sure the bonsai is centered in the pot and now its fits absolutely comfortably in the pot with enough room to accommodate the new soil For the repotting we use a special bonsai mix which in this case is a mixture of Akadama and Pumice the grain size is between 3mm and 6mm and as you can see it is a very granular mixture Place a thin layer of mix at the bottom of the pot place the bonsai on it and jiggle around till you get it in the centre of the pot the trunk has to be absolutely vertical in all directions vertical from the front and vertical from the side fill more soil in to the pot and use a rubber mallet to settle the soil into the pot this is a rubber mallet that has been softened by boiling in water we need to ensure that the tree is firmly in the pot we test by moving the trunk, if the pot and trunk move together we know the tree is firmly in the pot.
the next step is to use the spatula to firm the soil in moving all around the the pot The final step is to bind the tree into the pot with the wire is bound from one end to the other end and tightened with the jin pliers twisting it clockwise while binding the wires ensure that that they are not tied in the middle of the pot but on the far extremes of the pot as we we’ve done these two, you then cut of any excess what making sure that there is not much of a tail left Johnny then water the pot by giving it a dunking in a tub of water pot rim stays just above the surface of the water and the water rises into the pot from below and you should soon see it at the top of the pot lift the pot up and let excess water drain out Last step in in repotting is to cover the surface with with a thin layer of dried sphagnum moss the sphagnum moss protects surface root of the bonsai by not letting the pot do it too fast the last bit to do, is to ensure that the pot is cleaned up and polished Here we have Camellia Oil and an emery rubber that helps with cleaning up and finishing off the pot and that’s how we Repot A Bonsai Tree
Welcome to everyone today i’m going to work on dwarf pomegranate bonsai repotting dwarf pomegranate is a very popular choice for growing bonsai re-potting should only be carried out every two or three years tree needs a number of years in the ground for the trunk to become thick because the trunk will not thicken in a bonsai pot so i just repot this tree in small cement pot it’s not a bonsai pot after two years i’ll repot this tree in a small bonsai pot now i’m repotting this tree in a ordinary cement pot for the trunk to become thick first for the better drainage place a piece of jute cloth and put some stones in the bottom layer of the pot then place the tree center of the pot and add the bonsai soil pomegranate needs a potting mix that is well draining and organic nutrients mix of 60% aggregate and 40% organic is good for pomegranate trees It will also need supplements, either organic or an inorganic time release fertilizer that is specifically for plants that produce flowers and fruit If you want the tree to grow healthy flowers and fruits use a fertilizer with high phosphorous and high potassium from spring to late summer should not be fertilized in the three months following re-potting watering to the dwarf pomegranate tree tree requires regular watering to keep the soil slightly moist but not overly wet and do not allow the soil to completely dry out over water and shortage of water harm the tree reduce the watering over the winter months about wiring or shaping to the dwarf-pomegranate bonsai dwarf pomegranate trees should not be wired because tree will begin to die from the tip of its leaves or roots backward It’s much better to use the clip and grow method to shape them styling the pomegranate bonsai best as a single tree and not grouped because of the flowers and fruits the natural style is semi-cascade, informal and multi-trunk styles such as twisting trunk style leaf and branch pruning best time to prune the tree is in spring, before it begins producing new growth prune one or two sets of leaves and dead stems by hand pinching pinching-out of each first or third leaf will increase the plant’s foliage place the pomegranate bonsai tree outside this tree likes full sun and growing well in sunny area pomegranate bonsai can be grown indoors in a warm sunny site during the summer months the great advantage of placing it outdoors in summer is that it will be visited by insects that ensure pollination in winter months place the tree indoors on a bright site and watering in the winter watering your bonsai tree once or twice a week is very important avoid watering your tree when the temperature is freezing or too cold don’t water bonsai trees at nighttime and daytime is best to water watering in summer water your tree twice a day, once in the morning and in the evening don’t water the leaves of your bonsai tree when the sun is very hot because it may cause burnt leaves never water your bonsai trees when the weather is too hot because the water inside the pot may get too hot, spoiling the roots you won’t be able to water your tree every day, you need to abundantly water it before leaving put the bonsai container in a water bucket so your bonsai tree can obtain water from the bottom this helps your bonsai tree to survive for around up to 3 to 5 days pomegranate bonsai trees may be attacked by whitefly or pomegranate butterfly caterpillars to control whitefly attack spraying the bonsai tree with water spraying your pomegranate bonsai tree every few months using non-toxic insecticide that will help protect your pomegranate bonsai from pests don’t spray your bonsai tree with an insecticide if the soil is dry dwarf pomegranate bonsai trees are famous for their fruit-bearing and flowering characteristics they are both suitable for beginners and expert bonsai growers thanks for watching
Welcome to my channel today i’m going to make a mame bonsai it’s a Chinese banyan tree and i bought it from nursery shop it’s a small size plant and in this stage, good choice for making a bonsai now i’m going to make it as a bonsai first we need small size bonsai pots ,bonsai tools, small soil stones and bonsai soil now slightly press down to loosen the soil and take out the plant from its pot then removing the old soil using a thin stick or bonsai root rake tool when removing the soil do not damage the main root system keep doing very patiently do not remove the all soil and do not use water to remove the soil because root ball is needed to make a bonsai next root pruning cut side roots and any roots that have grown too long and do not cut the main root and avoid damaging roots in the process just cut small and long roots and side roots if you cut or damage the main root system the tree will die soon do not remove more than 50% of all roots next re potting them into the new bonsai pots now add the bottom layer of stones this will help the good drainage and then add the bonsai soil then place and set the tree in center of the pot and fill the remaining pot space with soil completely after adding the bonsai soil remove and fill the air pockets using a stick or chopstick next add the moss and some stones on top of the soil this will help to keep the moisture after making the bonsai trees live in small pots and their world dries out much quicker than plants in the ground so close attention should be paid to watering pour water once a week thoroughly and deeply check and water your bonsai every two or three days use organic liquid fertilizer and fertilize every three weeks during the growing season and once a month in the winter keep the bonsai in bright indirect light places or direct morning sunlight is preferable and direct afternoon sun can sometimes burn the leaves to grow indoors, close to a sunny window, or outdoors year round in warmer climates thanks for watching
Today i’m going to show you how to start a bonsai tree first you have to select a suitable tree for your climate in this video i’m selecting three ixora plants ixora is a tropical to semi-tropical evergreen plant this plant is often grown in warm and cooler climates this plant is suitable choice for bonsai next select the size of your bonsai If you’re choosing to grow your bonsai tree from a seedling or a cutting from another tree they can start off even smaller Larger plants require more water, soil, and sunlight so make sure that you have all the necessary requirements before making your bonsai next starting a bonsai first remove the current pot or container making sure not to break or hurt its main root system carefully remove the old soil with a stick or root rake tool do not damage roots or its main root system you can use chopsticks, tweezers, and similar tools are helpful for this process.
Do not remove the all soil that are attached to the roots it’s a root ball just clean the bottom part soil next pruning the roots If their growth is not adequately controlled bonsai trees can easily outgrow their containers so we must prune the roots cut any large and thick roots cut any upward-facing roots and do not prune more than 40% of all roots after pruning roots preparing to repot next select the pot deciding which pot to use is to make sure the pot is large enough to allow enough soil to cover the roots of the plant to prevent root rot, you’ll also want to ensure your pot has one or more drainage holes on the bottom before re pot the tree in the pot ensure it has a base of fresh, new soil to sit on that gives it the desired height at the bottom of the pot, add a layer of coarse-grain soil or stones as a base then add a finer, looser growing medium or soil above this use a soil that drains well regular garden soil can hold too much water and may drown the roots then place the tree in your new pot in the desired orientation finish adding well-draining soil removing air pockets remove the all air pockets using a thin stick or chopstick after removing air pockets add the soil on the top again add a final layer of moss or sandstone or small stones this can help hold the tree in place keep the tree in shade area for few days after you can place your bonsai in full sunny area finally you can grow your bonsai in outdoor or indoor watering your bonsai use spray water do not pour much water continuously be patient and spray water completely to your bonsai if your climate is hot or warm your bonsai needs every day water if you are growing your bonsai in indoor or your climate is cooler water every two days
Welcome to my channel in this video i’m showing you bonsai slap planting first select a tree it’s a benjamina tree now i’m going to make this tree as a bonsai tree removing all leaves now wiring to the bonsai select a aluminum wire or copper wire aluminum wire is very useful for bonsai making beginners so if you are new to making a bonsai just select a thin aluminum wire wiring is used to give a shape and style to the bonsai and wiring is a method of bending trunks and branches when the plant is still young the trunk is bent into the basic shape of a tree Later as the plant grows, you can bend the branches when you are wiring the plant do not over tight the trunk and branches after wiring and shaping branches then choose a bonsai slap make a potting wall using clay after potting the plant put the layer of stones now removing old soil don’t hurt the roots when you are removing the soil cut the long roots place the tee in the slap and put the bonsai soil removing air pockets to remove the air pockets use a small stick after planting place the moss in top of the clay wall moss will help to keep the soil moisture and give the beautiful look to the bonsai after all keep the tree in partial shade and sunny area and daily water needs to this bonsai use sprayer to water
Welcome to my channel now i’m going to show you Croton bonsai re-potting it is a three years old Croton bonsai this bonsai needs re potting because roots have filled the container and it has overgrown roots hold the soil together in a pretty tight loosen up the soil remove the tree carefully from its pot see the roots are almost overgrowing it is time to re pot removing the old soil carefully use bonsai root rake to carefully remove the soil if you don’t have bonsai root rake you can use chopstick or small stick to remove the soil when you are working avoid damaging the main root system and do not soak in water to remove soil because you can’t get the root ball prune all long , large and out grown roots do not prune more than 40% of all roots next i decided to replant the tree in another bonsai pot because i think the old pot haven’t enough space placing a mesh net or jute cloth piece to cover the hole now i’m just putting a thin layer of small stones in the bottom of the pot for drainage purposes then fill the new fresh bonsai soil then place the tree in position After placing the tree in the pot fill the bonsai soil this fresh soil should be worked in around and under the roots and also avoid leaving any air pockets make sure to fill all the air pockets around the roots use chopstick or any small stick and fill the air pockets after filling the soil add the stones or moss on top of the soil this will keep the soil moisture after repotting water the tree thoroughly use sprayer to water it’s an another type Croton bonsai now i’m going to repot it in another bonsai pot loosing the soil and remove the tree carefully from its pot i just use a small stick to remove the soil after removing the old soil roots pruning i just cut long and outgrown roots next repotting it in a bonsai pot covering the hole with a jute net and add the thin layer of stones and then put the bonsai soil and place the tree in the position and then add the bonsai soil after all watering to the tree with a sprayer next after repotting the trees keep them in shade for few days and then you can move them in sunny area thanks for watching
Welcome to my channel in this video i’m showing bougainvillea bonsai re-potting it’s a two years old bougainvillea bonsai bougainvillea needs to be repotted once every two-three years in springtime now i’m going to repot this bonsai first removing the old soil with a bonsai tool carefully remove the soil and do not hurt the root system next root pruning removing only the outlying and long roots do not prune main root system and also do not prune more than 40% of all roots next potting the bougainvillea in bonsai pot i just place a piece of coco husk to cover the drainage hole then put the new bonsai soil place the plant in center of the pot bonsai pot that will hug the root ball as closely as possible while still allowing some soil for watering then add the bonsai soil and completely cover the root ball with bonsai soil next remove air pockets using a chopstick or any thin stick making sure to fill all the air pockets around the root system next pruning maintenance-pruning to maintain and refine the existing shape of a bonsai prune the branches that have grown out of shape next i just add the stones on top of the soil to keep moisture now continuing leaf pruning prune long shoots using a twig shear remove about 80% of all leaves to grow thicker branches or a thicker trunk remove the flowers at all times but do not prune the branches removing the tips after each blooming cycle will encourage the growth of multiple new shoots this increasing ramifications keep in shade for few days after few days place it in full sunlight area or sunny window site watering use sprayer to watering spray water completely for three days in a week misting is recommended as the tree likes high humidity thanks for watching
Growing orange bonsai from air layering these are already prepared orange tree air layerings Cut the air layers, from the bottom of the polyethylene remove the polyethylene be careful do not cut the roots now place the root ball in the pot and fill it with potting soil press it gently and water it after 60 days now ready to re pot this orange plant get the tree out of the pot remove the soil this is the hand made clay pot in this pot now i’m going to repot the orange plant put the stones first layer these stones will provide better drainage to the plant add the bonsai soil fill the soil in half of the pot place the tree in soil place the moss on top of the soil add the stones and cover the soil this helps to keep the soil moisture and also when you are watering to the bonsai tree the stones protect the soil and roots from damages watering to the orange bonsai tree pour the water for every two days after finished re potting