bonsai size matters

How to repot bonsai trees; why repot bonsai with bonsai tips and tricks; Spring care & work

How to repot bonsai trees and why we repot bonsai trees. I will also share repotting bonsai tips tricks and the odd secret which no one talks about. Make sure that you watch the entire video. Hey it’s me Iqbal Khan, if you have not yet subscribed to mikbonsai then click the subscribe button and hit the bell icon to subscribe and receive notifications as I upload new videos. After pruning, watering and feeding repotting is one of the most important aspects of bonsai to be learned as repoting has to be done on a regular basis it takes years to get it right.

However, what if you are able to remove those hurdles which setback many bonsai enthusiasts by years, even better if we were to reduce that time scale into a couple of seasons. I will show you how. you are about to discover bonsai tips tricks and secrets which will fast-track the development of your trees starting with repotting and sorting out the roots. Bonsai trees need reporting regularly over a period of time. The bonsai soil mix breaks down into fine particles over a number of years, coupled with this the root growth fills up the pot, making it root bound and difficult to water. When this happens you can use the dunking method and to see how that is done there’s a link in the info card which shows you the dunking method. You can continue watering it, using the dunking method until the next repot. The tell-tale signs which give an indication that the tree needs repotting are as follows: one – take the tree out of the pot and see what the root situation is if you see the roots going round and round in the pot, that is first indication that the tree has become root bound.

The other indication is watering, when watering has become difficult due to the soil having broken down. what is a good time to repot ? Ideally February March, in the spring and one of the things which I would like to mention is the acers and maples must be reported in February March, otherwise you have missed the window. Having said that I am going to experiment during the summer months with a cheap maple to see what reporting in the summer does to these trees and if it dies as that’s the price I will have to pay for the experiment.

Spring is also a good time to repot as the tree responds very well to root pruning and pruning of the branches. It has lots of saved up energy and as the growing season kick starts the pruning also helps with the spurt of growth. The tools that I’m going to be using during the repot, you can see by clicking on the info card and there’s a video on bonsai tools. The tree that I’m going to be repoting today is an acer buergerianum, also known as the Trident maple. This is the tree that I’m going to be repotting today. The first thing to do is to take the tree out of its pot. This is an imported tree it came from Japan few years ago it’s been the same training pot and I think it’s time to repot it. So let’s put the training pot to one side and as you can see the roots have gone ground and virtually taken the shape of the inside of the pot right down to where the pot feet were so I will basically start from the top working my way down and it’s going to take quite some time so I’ll press on with this and we’ll catch up shortly.

I have to removed quite a lot of roots and these are really thick roots, not doing anything for the tree, so remove those and just tidy up a little bit more at the bottom and these are root scissors it’s important to keep the root pruning scissors separate from the scissors used for pruning the tree, as these tend to get blunted because of the particles of soil etc that it cuts through, now there’s another thick root here so I’m gonna just take this out and I’m going to bare root this tree so I’m gonna tidy up and we’ll catch up shortly. I have managed to clear the soil as much as I possibly could it was quite hard. The soil had broken down and become very clay like and it’s virtually like a brick and removing it was not easy and I have tidied it up as much of the roots as I can and this is the root structure that I’m going to retain.

I have prepared this pot, at the bottom you can see the wire mesh is secured that with hairpin bends and then these are the anchor wires to secure the tree and and if you want to see how the pot is prepared then on the right hand side of the screen there is an info card, click on that and you’ll be able to see how the pot is prepared and I’m going to start repotting it and I’m going to put this grit aboue the wire mesh and the holes, the grit also helps with the drainage and I’m just going to continue adding this once, bonsai soil. This is actually cat litter it works very well and I also use my own bonsai soil mi. If you want to see how to make bonsai soil mix and again click on the link in the info card on the right of the screen and it will take you to a video which shows how to make bonsai soil mix.

I’ll place the tree in the pot and I’m going to secure it. Right, that should do for now. let’s have a look, …. looks okay, making sure it’s standing straight in the pot and add more of this cat litter. I’ll put a link in the description for this cat litter. This is available only in the UK as it’s manufactured in the EU but if you are abroad you may have your own equivalent it’s a basically clay which is fired to very high temperatures and it becomes what it is, it turns into solid pieces it’s virtually like lava rock. I’m using the chopsticks to drive the soil in between the roots where I have bare rooted the tree so there’s absolutely no soil left and in the roots so this process will drive the soil between the roots and take out air pockets.

It’s going down quite fast as I work my way around and if the air pockets are not removed the roots in the air pocket can dry and the tree can die. That’s the extreme but it’s best to do this and not take any chances so I have finished securing the tree and will now cut off these excess wires from both sides and hide the wires where the twists are and add more soil and finish it off it does need a little bit more soil and then we’ll water it thoroughly I don’t sieve the cat litter, there is very fine dust and it basically comes out on first watering, it needs very very thorough watering and the dust basically just drains out at the bottom and I’ll just remove some of these surface roots, there aren’t very many but just a few, handful.

Right I’m going to again tidy up and we’ll catch up shortly. Well here it is Aacer Buergerianum Trident Maple repotted and now ready to be given a thorough soaking. I will keep watering until the dust has run clear. That’s enough, the waters running clear at the bottom so we’ll stop and let it drain before we carry on. Its all done ! I’ll give it a quick 360 that’s the front and go around this way and I’ll do an update sometime in late spring when it’s in full leaf and back to where we started. That’s the Acer Buergerianum Trident Maple and I’m glad I’ve done it, otherwise it would have been next year. I couldn’t take a chance with repotting this in the summer it’s fairly pricey so but we’ll have a go with one of the cheaper trees.

The reporting is complete and the tree will be watered normally and it will do well in the in its new soil in the new pot. The pot is slightly bigger and I measured up the tree and the pot at its widest point should be 2/3 of the height of the tree from the top of the soil to the apex of the tree whether it’s an oval pot or a round pot if you measure the widest point it should be 2/3 of the height from the top of the soil to the apex.

That’s the rule for choosing the size of the bonsai pot to make sure that your pot is the right size. Now this is one of the things that not many people speak about. This is one of the little secrets that not many people talk about but here it is and now you know how to get your pot size right every time. If you haven’t subscribed then please do so and also ring the bell icon and you’ll then be able to get notification of my updates and you won’t miss anything and you’ll pick up more bonsai tips, tricks and secrets, which I’m here to reveal.

Until the next time. This is Iqbal Khan for mikbonsai in West London and now for the afterthought. I usually meet my girlfriend at 12:59 I like that one too one time. you dig . You dig. .

Bonsai pot size & Acer Bonsai first repotting: Size does matter.

Today I am reporting this trident maple Acer Buergerianum. hey it’s me it’s me Iqbal Khan, if you have not yet subscribed to mikbonsai then click the subscribe button and hit the bell icon to subscribe and receive notifications as I upload new videos. The tree has been in this same training pot when it arrived couple of years ago it’s an import from Japan and it’s time I repotted it. The pot is too small compared to the size of the tree, the size of the pot in relation to the size of the tree, is to make sure that we are in scale and proportion and the formula is to measure the tree from the top of the pot where it comes out of the soil to the apex and then you take 2/3 of that and that’s the size of your pot at its widest whether it’s oval then you take the maximum width whether it’s circular you take the diameter and if it’s rectangular then the widest side from one end to the other and I have prepared a pot and we will move the tree out of the way and I will bring the pot over.

The pot I have chosen for this tree and have put the mesh at the bottom with hairpin bends which I use and then the anchor wire also have been placed but if you want to learn or see a video on how to prepare the pot in the top right hand corner of the screen is an ” i ” info card for how to prepare a bonsai pot. Click on it and it’ will take you to that video. I have fiddled with the tree back and forth and is quite easy to take out. There it is, its come out quite easily and we’ll put the training path to one side and have a look at the sides and the bottom, and it has roots going right round not only that but also in the training pot there are indentations where the feet are and the roots have actually gone into those spaces as well there is hardly any soil that can be seen.

So I am going to start working at the top using a root rake very very gently and I’ll do that by holding it between my thumb and index finger so if it gets stuck it doesn’t break the roots it just slips through my fingers and I’m going to carry on with this it’ll take quite some time and I’m going to do it very very gently. I will also be bare rooting it and so that’s going to take a little bit of time. it’s a very slow process. I’ve just managed to remove the very top layer of moss and a little bit of soil and I’m still working through it’s taking a long time to get this far. I haven’t completely succeeded in bare rooting it. The roots are very badly tangled up, it’s a big tree in a very small pot. I don’t know how long this tree has been in this pot but we are where we are and I will start sorting it out, again it will take two or three seasons before I can sort the roots out because of what we are starting with and in fact this is a very good reason why it’s a good idea to bare root the trees but you have to be careful as the roots dry out and then the tree is dead.

So have to make sure that the roots are constantly dipped in water or sprayed so that they don’t dry out. I’m going to remove as much of the roots from the bottom as possible and then will to come to the other parts of it. Sort this out for now and what I’ll have to do is repot it not every two years but perhaps every year and that’s the only way I’m going to get these roots sorted. Time doesn’t stop for anyone and it keeps marching and with passage of time comes progress and this bare rooting is a good thing and I’m sure just matter of time that it catches up and becomes a standard. I have given it another blast and cleared more of the soil but I’m now beginning to lose daylight so I’m gonna have to speed up. These are some really thick roots which I’m removing from the bottom and I’m not going to be able to completely bare root it as much as I’ve tried but we’ll have to do the best I can as I said earlier it’ll take a few years before these roots are sorted so I’ll have to repeat this process every year until I’m able to sort the roots out completely.

Now here the roots have gone round the trunk so just pull these off and prune them off. This side, this is quite a large surface root and it’s coming straight out of the trunk I’ll pull the tree up a little bit from the soil and expose more of this and will see how this develops. I’ve removed as much of the roots as I can, do a little bit more and then tidy up and we’ll catch up after that. The tree is ready to go into its pot and I’m going to add grit at the bottom it basically aids drainage and covers up the mesh and then I’m going to top it up with this cat litter. So we’ll place the tree in the pot and I will ease it in on to the soil . I will use these chopsticks to drive the soil into the root ball, well it doesn’t need a great deal, I didn’t completely manage to bare root it but nevertheless fair amount of soil did come off so as I work with the chopsticks its going in quite fast so will carry on with this and we’ll catch up shortly.

I’m at the tail end now just tightening these wires, the anchor wires to secure the tree firmly into the pot that’s nice and tight doesn’t allow the tree to move and I’ve got to be the same from this side so this is basically going across the pot and this was going down the pot, we are done. Now just bury these wires in, in the soil and a little bit more soil I I will add moss to it at some stage but I haven’t got any I’ve got to harvest it. I have it on land that I own in Twickenham. So I’ll be adding the moss at a later date and again the moss is of various types there is some that grows in shade without a Sun and there’s some which only grows in where the Sun shines and for this I will use bit of both because I am going to have it in a semi shade location and I think that should do for now.

Now it is time to give the tree a thorough soaking and there is fair amount of fine dust in the cat litter and on first thorough watering it tends to all come out so fairly quickly and I can already see the water coming out from the bottom and I’ll keep watering it until it runs clear so that’s when the dust is gone. That should do. We’ll take a look at the overall tree Well that’s the tree repotted watered and all it now needs as to be watered normally and it should do very well in the new pot and the new soil and……. and I’ll give it a quick 360 so you can see it from all sides and there we are, Just keep turning it and that’s where we started. That’s all for now, Thanks for watching. This is Iqbal Khan for bonsai in West London, until the next time. and now for the afterthought. They say money can’t buy happiness check this out I bought myself a happy meal.

You dig ! .